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[大学生论坛]:肾结石

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coeng 发表于 2019-1-4 19:02:15 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
A kidney stone is a solid piece of material that forms in the kidney from substances in the urine. It may be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl. Most kidney stones pass out of the body without help from a doctor. But sometimes a stone will not go away. It may get stuck in the urinary tract, block the flow of urine and cause great pain.
肾结石是一种在肾脏中由尿液中的物质形成的固体物质。 它可以像一粒沙子一样小,也可以像珍珠一样大。 大多数肾结石在没有医生帮助的情况下从身体中排出。 但有时结石不会消失。 它可能会卡在泌尿道中,阻止尿液流动并引起疼痛。
The following may be signs of kidney stones that need a doctor's help:
以下可能是需要医生治疗的肾结石的迹象:
•        Extreme pain in your back or side that will not go away
•        Blood in your urine
•        Fever and chills
•        Vomiting
•        Urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
•        A burning feeling when you urinate
•背部或侧面极度疼痛,不会消失
•血尿
•发烧和发冷
•呕吐
•尿液味道不好或看起来混浊
•小便时有灼烧感
Your doctor will diagnose a kidney stone with urine, blood, and imaging tests.
If you have a stone that won't pass on its own, you may need treatment. It can be done with shock waves; with a scope inserted through the tube that carries urine out of the body, called the urethra; or with surgery.
医生将通过尿液,血液和影像学检查来诊断肾结石。
如果结石不能自行排出,你可能需要治疗。 它可以通过超声波碎石; 通过管子插入尿道,将尿液排出体外; 或手术。

来源:
https://medlineplus.gov/kidneystones.html




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