请选择 进入手机版 | 继续访问电脑版
设为首页收藏本站

老西部英语

 找回密码
 立即注册

只需一步,快速开始

[大学生论坛]:服用阿司匹林以降低心脏病或中风患病风险前须知

15

主题

15

资源

60

积分

注册会员

Rank: 2

积分
60
husky 发表于 2017-12-30 23:30:13 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Before Using Aspirin to Lower Your Risk of Heart Attack or Stroke, What You Should Know服用阿司匹林以降低心脏病或中风患病风险前须知


Only a health care provider can determine whether regular use of aspirin will help to prevent a heart attack or stroke in your particular case. Aspirin can prevent these problems in some people but not in everyone, and it has important side effects. You should use daily aspirin therapy only after first talking to your health care provider, who can weigh the benefits and the risks.
只有健康护理人员才能确定一个患者定期服用阿司匹林是否有助于预防其心脏病或中风。对一些人而言,阿司匹林可以预防这些问题,但不适用于所有人,而且它有一定的副作用。你必须在征求医疗服务提供者的意见后才可每日服用阿司匹林,他们可以替你权衡利弊。

Aspirin is often thought of as a harmless over-the-counter (OTC) drug that’s been relied on for years to treat pain and fever. Now you're hearing that it can also lower your risk of a heart attack and some kinds of strokes. Aspirin may seem like a quick-and-easy way to decrease these risks, but it's not as simple as you think.
阿司匹林通常被认为是一种无害的非处方药,多年来一直用于治疗疼痛和发烧。现在听说它也能降低心脏病发作和某种中风的风险。阿司匹林似乎是一种可降低患病风险的快速而简单的方法,但它其实并不像你想象的那么简单。

What Studies Show
Since aspirin was discovered more than a century ago, it has played a major role in treating headaches, fevers, and minor aches and pains for millions of people. Now studies show that because aspirin thins the blood, it can also help to lower the chances of a heart attack or a stroke caused by a blood clot in the brain. But research has found it works only in certain people, specifically those who had a previous heart attack or stroke, or have disease of the blood vessels in the heart. It does not seem to work in people with healthier hearts and blood vessels.
研究表明
自一个多世纪前发现阿司匹林以来,它在治疗头痛、发烧和轻微疼痛和数百万人的其他病痛方面发挥了重要作用。现在有研究表明,因为阿司匹林可以稀释血液,因此它还可以帮助降低心脏病发作或脑部血栓引起的中风的几率。但研究发现,这种方法只适用于某些人,特别是那些曾经患过心脏病或中风的人,或者患有心血管疾病的人。它似乎并不适用于拥有健康的心脏和血管的人。

Most health professionals agree that long-term aspirin use to prevent a heart attack or stroke in healthy people is unnecessary. If you are using aspirin to lower these risks and have not talked with a health professional about it, you may be putting your health at risk. You should ONLY use daily aspirin therapy under the guidance of a health care provider.
大多数健康专家都认为,长期服用阿司匹林来预防心脏病发作或中风是不必要的。如果你正在服用阿司匹林来降低这些风险,并且没有经健康专家建议,你可能反而会处于危险之中。你只能在医疗服务提供者的指导下每天服用阿司匹林。

Not Without Risks
Aspirin has been known to help people living with some diseases of the heart and blood vessels. It can help prevent a heart attack or clot-related stroke by interfering with how the blood clots. But the same properties that make aspirin work as a blood thinner to stop it from clotting may also cause unwanted side effects, including bleeding into the brain or stomach.
并非绝对安全
众所周知,阿司匹林可以帮助那些患有心脏和血管疾病的人。它可以通过干预血液凝结成块来帮助预防心脏病或血栓形成。但阿司匹林作为一种血液稀释剂这一阻止血液凝结的特性也可能会引起副作用,包括脑出血或胃出血。

Aspirin also can mix badly with prescription medicines and over-the-counter drugs. People already using a prescription medicine that thins the blood such as warfarin, dabigatran (Pradaxa) and rivaroxaban (Xarelto) should always talk to a health professional before using aspirin, even occasionally.
阿司匹林还会与处方药和非处方药混在一起产生不良作用。人们已经在使用一种可以稀释血液的处方药,如华法林、达比加兰和利伐沙班。甚至在偶尔服用阿司匹林之前,也应该经常咨询健康专家。

Discuss the use of all medicines, vitamins, and dietary supplements with your health professional before taking aspirin daily. He or she will decide if the benefits of taking daily aspirin outweigh the risks in your particular case and can provide medical knowledge and guidance to help prevent unwanted side effects.
在咨询服用阿司匹林之前,应与你的健康专家讨论所有药物、维生素和膳食补充剂的使用情况。他或她将决定每日服用阿司匹林的好处是否大于你在特殊情况下的风险,并能提供医学知识和指导,以帮助预防不良的副作用。

Dose Matters
Whatever purpose you are using daily aspirin for, how much you take matters. It's important to your health and safety that the dose you use and how often you take it is right for you. Your health professional can tell you the dosing and directions that will provide the greatest benefit with the least side effects.
用量注意
无论你每天服用阿司匹林的目的是什么,用量是非常重要的。你使用的正确剂量和频率对你的健康和生命安全很重要。你的健康专家可以告诉你剂量和目的,这将提供最大的好处和最小的副作用。

Not all over-the-counter pain relievers contain aspirin. If your health care provider prescribes daily aspirin to lower the risk of a heart attack and clot-related stroke, read the labels carefully to make sure you have the right product. Some drugs combine aspirin with other pain relievers or other ingredients and should not be used for long-term aspirin therapy. If you have questions talk to a health professional.
不是所有的非处方止痛药都含有阿司匹林。如果你的健康保健医生开出每日服用阿司匹林以降低你的心脏病发作和血栓形成的风险,请仔细阅读标签以确保你使用了正确的产品。一些药物可将阿司匹林和其他止痛药或其他成分结合起来,因而不应该用于长期的阿司匹林治疗。如果你有问题,请咨询健康专家。

Source:FDA
U.S. Food and Drug Administration
https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/BuyingUsingMedicineSafely/UnderstandingOver-the-CounterMedicines/SafeDailyUseofAspirin/ucm291434.htm

友荐云推荐
评论

使用道具 举报


QQ|关于我们|联系我们|网络条款|建议反馈|小黑屋|老西部英语 ( 版权所有 粤ICP备11103350号  

GMT+8, 2018-12-17 05:49 , Processed in 0.135634 second(s), 34 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.