请选择 进入手机版 | 继续访问电脑版
设为首页收藏本站

老西部英语

 找回密码
 立即注册

只需一步,快速开始

[大学生论坛]:小儿腹泻滥用抗生素害处多

14

主题

14

资源

67

积分

注册会员

Rank: 2

积分
67
lahuanjin 发表于 2017-12-30 20:03:22 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式


小儿腹泻滥用抗生素害处多
Abusing antibiotics in treating infantile diarrhoea harms children a lot

小儿腹泻病是儿童最常见的疾病之一,全球资料显示,每年有多达190万儿童死于腹泻和腹泻并发症。小儿腹泻病是由多种病原及多种病因引起的一种疾病。主要指两个方面的指标,一个是排便频率;另一个就是便便的形状。有的宝宝还可以伴有呕吐、腹胀、发热、烦躁不安,精神不佳等表现,及时去医院就诊。
Infantile diarrhoea is common among children. Global statistics reveal that over 1.9 million childrens death are caused by diarrhoea every year.Infantile diarrhoea is caused by various pathogens.It refers to two indices, one is the frequency of defecation, the other is the shape of stool.Some children who have suffered diarrhoea are associated with vomiting, abdominal distension,fevering,irritating and lower spirits, in such emergency,children should be in treatment as soon as possible.

腹泻病时主要做好以下措施:及早补充水分;给宝宝丰富的食物以防止营养不良,遵循少量多餐的原则;对宝宝的小屁股要特别呵护。特别是注意肛门和会阴部的清洁,要勤换洗;严密观察宝宝病情的发展。如果不见好转,如出现频繁的大量水样便,呕吐、口渴加剧,不能正常进食进水,尿少,宝宝发烧及便中带血等症状时,需赶快带宝宝去医院诊治。
Curing diarrhoea requirs the following measures: replenishing the water as early as possible; Following the principle of more frequences but less volume each, parents should offer baby ample foods to prevent cacotrophy;Childs hip should be paid special attention,parents should be careful to clean the anus and the perineum, and wash frequently to closely observe the development of childs disease. If the diarrhoea doesnt take a turn for the better, accompanying a large amount of frequent watery stool, vomiting and severe thirst,having difficulty in taking food and water, urinate less, fevering and passing blood in the stool, partents must send the child to the hospital quickly.

小儿腹泻病是一组多因素引起的疾病,感染是主要原因,感染病原有细菌、病毒、真菌等。对于病毒性感染目前无特效药物,以对症处理为主。如果确定是细菌感染,则需要抗感染治疗,但是抗菌药物尤其是广谱抗生素的长期应用会导致肠道菌群紊乱,更易造成细菌耐药。而且抗菌药物还会增加患儿的肝肾负担,甚至可能会并发其他病症。
Infantile diarrhoea is caused by a set of factors, but infecting is the major reason. There are many causative agents like bacteria, virus and funges. As for viral infection, there doesnt exist specific medicine,and symptomatic is the best method now. If the diease is infected by bacteria,the patent will need anti-infective therapy. However, the over use of antibiotics, especially the broad-spectrum antibiotic, can cause alteration of intestinal flora and bacterial drug resistence more easily. Moreover,the antibiotics can increase pressure to childs liver and kidney, and might cause some complications.
小儿腹泻是常见的儿科病,家长不必紧张,在日常生活中应该加以注意以下方面:食品应新鲜、清洁,不吃变质的食物,尽量不要吃剩菜;婴儿期尽量能够母乳喂养,有益于孩子消化吸收功能、免疫功能,以及肠道菌群的正常建立;饮食营养均衡,养成不挑食、不偏食、定时就餐的饮食习惯。
Infantile diarrhoea is a common pediatric disease, parents don’t have to be nervous. In daily life, parents should pay attention to the following aspects: foods should be kept fresh and clean. Parents must prevent their child from eating stale foods and any leftovers. Mother must guarantee the breast-feeding in the babyhood, because breast milk benefits the digestive absorption,immunization,and construction of intestinal flora. Parents should provide the balanced diet to children to help them cultivate normal eating habits, like eating without discrimination and in regular time.

[size=18.6667px]14级商务英语晋洁3141204029
[size=18.6667px]

友荐云推荐
评论

使用道具 举报


QQ|关于我们|联系我们|网络条款|建议反馈|小黑屋|老西部英语 ( 版权所有 粤ICP备11103350号  

GMT+8, 2018-9-18 23:05 , Processed in 0.161232 second(s), 35 queries .

Powered by Discuz! X3

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.